Friday, January 25, 2013

Akkadian (Chaldee) Words relating to "child"

From Association Assyrophile de France website the Akkadian Dictionary.
This online dictionary is based on the following lexicographical works:
  • Black, Jeremy A., George, Andrew and Postgate, Nicholas (2000). A Concise Dictionary of Akkadian.
  • Delizsch, Friedrich (1896). Assyrisches Handwörterbuch.
  • Huehnergard, John (2000). A Grammar of Akkadian.
  • Hameen-Anttila, Jaakko (2000). A Sketch of Neo-Assyrian Grammar.
  • Marcus, David (1978). A Manual of Akkadian.
  • Oppenheim, A. Leo, et al. Chicago Assyrian Dictionary.
  • Parpola, Simo (2005). The Helsinki Neo-Assyrian Dictionary.

Alexander Hislop in his The Two Babylons (1858) claimed that the Old Norse mythical Nores were etymologically derived from a "Chaldean" word "Nor" which supposedly meant "child".


Words in Akkadian that relate to the English word "child."
  1. aban ḫālti : [Religion]  childbirth amulet
  2. aḫurrû : junior, inferior ; younger child
  3. ana mārūtu leqû / šakānu : [Legal]  to adopt ( a child)
  4. ana mārūtu nadānu : [Legal]  to put up for adoption ( a child)
  5. atmu : [Animals]  1) hatchling , young of a bird / snake / turtle , chick, chicken , fledgling ; 2) (by extension) human offspring , young child , toddler ; 3) : (personnal name) ;
  6. banû (4) : [Industry]  1) to create , to build ; 2) (deity) : to create (a person, grain , creation ...) ; 3) (person) : to engender (a child) , to sire , to make (a figurine) , to build (house, boat) ; 4) (mathematics) : 1) to construct ; 2) a shape , a form of feature (geometrical ...) ; 5) D : : to erect (a city)
  7. ēdu : [Numbers]  only 1) (person) : single , sole , alone ; 2) (personal name : only child) ; 3) -substantive- : a single (person) ; 4) : chief of
  8. erû (3) : [Human → Body]  to be naked , to be in the nude : to be destitute , to be without clothes on , to be very poor D : (hair) to strip a head bare , (wind) to strip (trees , ground ...) , to strip a woman for childbirth , to prepare a woman for childbirth [erû qablītu] : to empty a container
  9. ḫāltu : [Science → Natural sciences]  parturition , childbirth , being in travail to give birth ;
  10. ḫarāšu (1) : [Science → Natural sciences]  G : to be in labour / labor , to reach the concluding stage of pregnancy
  1. ḫarištu : [Human being]  woman in childbirth
  2. kūbu : [Human → Family]  foetus, stillborn child, premature baby ; a demon
  3. lā kēnu : [Legal]  illegitimate , unlawful , groundless (?) , illicit (?) , bastard (?) / illegitimate -child- (?) , false ;
  4. mār mar ' i : a grandchild , a grandson
  5. māru , mar ' u , mer ' um , mēru , nāru : [Human → Family]  son, child , boy , descendant
  6. munutukû : [Human → Family]   : childless , without issue / descendency , infertile ;
  7. munutukûtu : [Human → Family]   : childlessness , infertility / sterility ;
  8. mupaddû : [Religion → Magic]  (sheep) offering for the naming (of someone -child ...)
  9. muštēšertu : [Human being]   : having normal childbirth , to give birth normally ;
  10. nābgu+ : [Human → Family]  a grandchild ;
  1. nadītu : [Religion]  childless woman ; celibate priestess
  2. nērti lakê * : [Legal]  infanticide , child-murder
  3. parāsu : 1) to cut off , offerings, sustenance : to withhold , evil : to keep away ; ennemy ... :
  4. rabû : G. to grow up ; to grow, get bigger ; stat. : to be big Gtn. to grow constantly, become great D. to raise, bring up (a child) ; to increase Dt. to be made superior to s.o. Š. to make great ; to extend ; to raise, bring up (a child) ; to promote s.o. ; to magnify, praise s.o. Štn. to be constantly magnified ŠD = Š N. to swell, become enlarged Ntn. to accumulate constantly (interest) Rt. to increase occasionally (Mathematics)
  5. ṣeḫrānu : childish ;
  6. ṣeḫru (1) : [Measures]  1) small , young , minor / underage / juvenile , younger (brother ...) ; 2) (king) the Second ; 3) (person) : lowly , lesser ; 4) (professional ...) : junior , new (on the job) , apprentice ; 5) child , servant , youngster
  7. ṣeḫru : small, young ; child ; servant
  8. ša šerri : [Moral life → Intelligence]  childish , puerile ;
  9. ša-irti : [Human → Body]  1) child at the breast , wet nursing ; 2) (adjective) pectoral ; 3) army : breastplate , cuirass for the protection of the chest ;
  10. šarraḫūtu : [Sport]   : (a child game) : bragging , boasting
  1. šerru : child , infant *
  2. širku : [Religion]  oblate , a person (a child) given to a temple to serve there
  3. tarbûtu : novice, beginner ; shoot, seedling ; adopted childhood
  4. walādu : G. to bear (a child) ; to give birth ; to beget ; to produce, create D. to give birth, beget ; to produce, create ; to act as midwife Dt. to be begotten Š. to cause to give birth N. to get born
  5. warû (2) : [Transport]  1) to guide , to lead , to conduct , to show the way 2) G (u/u; imperative : [ru] ; [uru] , : [ri]) : to lead , to conduct 3) (ventive) : to fetch , to go for , to bring 4) Gtn : to guide , to steer , to show the way , to administer , to manage , to raise (children) , to bring up (children) 5) Gt : to lead away for good 6) Š : to conduct , to direct (person, animal, boat ...)

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