Monday, August 24, 2015

Luther's Notes on the Sunday Gospel: Trinity 13-Charity

The Good Samaritan
Luke 10:23-37
New King James Version 
23 Then He turned to His disciples and said privately, “Blessed are the eyes which see the things you see; 24 for I tell you that many prophets and kings have desired to see what you see, and have not seen it, and to hear what you hear, and have not heard it.
25 And behold, a certain lawyer stood up and tested Him, saying, “Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?”
26 He said to him, “What is written in the law? What is your reading of it?
27 So he answered and said, “ ‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your strength, and with all your mind,’ and ‘your neighbor as yourself.’
28 And He said to him, “You have answered rightly; do this and you will live.”
29 But he, wanting to justify himself, said to Jesus, “And who is my neighbor?”
30 Then Jesus answered and said: “A certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among thieves, who stripped him of his clothing, wounded him, and departed, leaving him half dead. 31 Now by chance a certain priest came down that road. And when he saw him, he passed by on the other side. 32 Likewise a Levite, when he arrived at the place, came and looked, and passed by on the other side. 33 But a certain Samaritan, as he journeyed, came where he was. And when he saw him, he had compassion. 34 So he went to him and bandaged his wounds, pouring on oil and wine; and he set him on his own animal, brought him to an inn, and took care of him. 35 On the next day, when he departed, he took out two denarii, gave them to the innkeeper, and said to him, ‘Take care of him; and whatever more you spend, when I come again, I will repay you.’ 36 So which of these three do you think was neighbor to him who fell among the thieves?”
37 And he said, “He who showed mercy on him.”
Then Jesus said to him, “Go and do likewise.”

 Luther's Explanatory Notes:

23 If And he turned him unto his disciples, and said privately, Blessed are the eyes which see the things that ye see:
24 For I tell you, that many prophets and kings have desired to see those things which ye see, and have not seen them; and to hear those things which ye hear, and have not heard them.
This passage embraces principally three parts: First, that the Lord praises the time of the revelation and proclamation of the Gospel, verses 23. 24.


Tuesday, August 18, 2015

Luther's Notes on the Gospel: St. Bartholomew's Day

August 24th

Luke 22:24-30
New King James Version

The Disciples Argue About Greatness
24 Now there was also a dispute among them, as to which of them should be considered the greatest. 25 And He said to them, “The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them, and those who exercise authority over them are called ‘benefactors.’ 26 But not so among you; on the contrary, he who is greatest among you, let him be as the younger, and he who governs as he who serves. 27 For who is greater, he who sits at the table, or he who serves? Is it not he who sits at the table? Yet I am among you as the One who serves.

28 “But you are those who have continued with Me in My trials. 29 And I bestow upon you a kingdom, just as My Father bestowed one upon Me, 30 that you may eat and drink at My table in My kingdom, and sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.”

 Luther's Explanatory Notes:

24 If And there was also a strife among them, which of them should be accounted the greatest. 
There arose a strife among them, etc. The same kind of strife had also arisen among the apostles before, (as in Matt.18:1. and 20: 20 f.); but here, when the hour had come, that the Lord Christ was about to go to his sufferings and was to be taken by the Jews, the strife arose again. And it looks almost as if this strife gave occasion for Christ to wash the disciples' feet, of which John speaks in the thirteenth chapter of his Gospel. For just as the Lord says in John 13:13 f. and 16, so also he says here in verse 26 f . There was a fearful storm in the sky; namely, the great offense, that Christ their Lord and Master, should on the next day die the shameful death of the cross. But here they are secure, see not the offense, and in the meantime begin the strife, in which no one would yield to the other, and one always wanted to be better than the other. Therefore the Lord gave them an earnest lecture, and told them that such things can not be allowed in his kingdom.

Monday, August 17, 2015

Luther's Notes on the Sunday Gospel: Trinity 12

Jesus Heals the Sick
Mark 7:31-37New King James Version

31 Again, departing from the region of Tyre and Sidon, He came through the midst of the region of Decapolis to the Sea of Galilee. 32 Then they brought to Him one who was deaf and had an impediment in his speech, and they begged Him to put His hand on him. 33 And He took him aside from the multitude, and put His fingers in his ears, and He spat and touched his tongue. 34 Then, looking up to heaven, He sighed, and said to him, “Ephphatha,” that is, “Be opened.”
35 
Immediately his ears were opened, and the impediment of his tongue was loosed, and he spoke plainly.
36 Then He commanded them that they should tell no one; but the more He commanded them, the more widely they proclaimed it. 37 And they were astonished beyond measure, saying, “He has done all things well. He makes both the deaf to hear and the mute to speak.”

 Luther's Explanatory Notes:

This gospel of the healing of the deaf and dumb man, presents our Lord Christ as a merciful, gracious man.


Monday, August 10, 2015

Luther's Notes on the Sunday Gospel: Trinity 11-Humility

Luke 18:9-14
The Pharisee and the Tax-Collector
Also He spoke this parable to some who trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and despised others: 10 “Two men went up to the temple to pray, one a Pharisee and the other a tax collector. 11 The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, ‘God, I thank You that I am not like other men—extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even as this tax collector. 12 I fast twice a week; I give tithes of all that I possess.’ 13 And the tax collector, standing afar off, would not so much as raise his eyes to heaven, but beat his breast, saying, ‘God, be merciful to me a sinner!’ 14 I tell you, this man went down to his house justified rather than the other; for everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exalted.”


 Luther's Explanatory Notes

The Pharisee and the publican. Two kinds of righteousness are portrayed to us in this gospel, which are found among men on earth: The one has a great semblance before the eyes of men of the world; yet it is nothing before God and is condemned by him. The other, though not recognized by men, yet is regarded as righteous before God, and pleasing to him. The one is the righteousness of the beautiful, proud saint, the Pharisee; the other, that of the humble sinner, the publican. 


Monday, August 03, 2015

Luther's Notes on the Sunday Gospel: Trinity 10-Renewed Obedience

Luke 19:41-48
Jesus Cleanses the Temple
41 Now as He drew near, He saw the city and wept over it, 42 saying, “If you had known, even you, especially in this your day, the things that make for your peace! But now they are hidden from your eyes. 43 For days will come upon you when your enemies will build an embankment around you, surround you and close you in on every side, 44 and level you, and your children within you, to the ground; and they will not leave in you one stone upon another, because you did not know the time of your visitation.”
45 Then He went into the temple and began to drive out those who bought and sold in it, 46 saying to them, “It is written, ‘My house is a house of prayer,’ but you have made it a ‘den of thieves.’”
47 And He was teaching daily in the temple. But the chief priests, the scribes, and the leaders of the people sought to destroy Him, 48 and were unable to do anything; for all the people were very attentive to hear Him.



 Luther's Explanatory Notes

41 If And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept over it, 
42 Saying, If thou hadst known, even thou, at least in this thy day, the things which belong unto thy peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes. 
Jesus wept over Jerusalem. As the Lord drew near to the city, the people preceded and followed him, singing with great joy, and saying, "Hosannah to the Son of David." In the midst of the rejoicing he begins to weep; he lets all the world be joyful, but he weeps when he sees the city. 


Monday, July 27, 2015

Luther's Notes on the Sunday Gospel: Trinity 9-Stewardship

Luke 16:1-9
The Wise Steward
16 He also said to His disciples: “There was a certain rich man who had a steward, and an accusation was brought to him that this man was wasting his goods. So he called him and said to him, ‘What is this I hear about you? Give an account of your stewardship, for you can no longer be steward.’
“Then the steward said within himself, ‘What shall I do? For my master is taking the stewardship away from me. I cannot dig; I am ashamed to beg. I have resolved what to do, that when I am put out of the stewardship, they may receive me into their houses.’
“So he called every one of his master’s debtors to him, and said to the first, ‘How much do you owe my master?’ And he said, ‘A hundred measures of oil.’ So he said to him, ‘Take your bill, and sit down quickly and write fifty.’ Then he said to another, ‘And how much do you owe?’ So he said, ‘A hundred measures of wheat.’ And he said to him, ‘Take your bill, and write eighty.’ So the master commended the unjust steward because he had dealt shrewdly. For the sons of this world are more shrewd in their generation than the sons of light.
“And I say to you, make friends for yourselves by unrighteous mammon, that when you fail, they may receive you into an everlasting home.


 Luther's Explanatory Notes

Parable of the unjust steward. This gospel is a discourse about good works, and especially about avarice, that we should not abuse the use of money and goods, but help poor and needy people. Such teaching the Lord illustrates in a parable, and says we are to accommodate ourselves like this unjust steward; because he was deposed from his office, he saw that he had need of other people's assistance; hence he makes use of his office, while he still has it in hand. We take this parable in its simple meaning without seeking any substitutes, as Jerome did. 

Monday, July 20, 2015

Luther's Notes on the Sunday Gospel: Trinity 8- Beware of False Prophets

Matthew 7:15-23
New King James Version

15 “Beware of false prophets, who come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly they are ravenous wolves. 16 You will know them by their fruits. Do men gather grapes from thornbushes or figs from thistles? 17 Even so, every good tree bears good fruit, but a bad tree bears bad fruit. 18 A good tree cannot bear bad fruit, nor can a bad tree bear good fruit. 19 Every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire. 20 Therefore by their fruits you will know them.

21 “Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ shall enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of My Father in heaven. 22 Many will say to Me in that day, ‘Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in Your name, cast out demons in Your name, and done many wonders in Your name?’ 23 And then I will declare to them, ‘I never knew you; depart from Me, you who practice lawlessness!’

Luther's Explanatory Notes:

 15 Beware of false prophets, which come to you in sheep's clothing, but in wardly they are ravening wolves. 
Beware of false prophets. The connection is this: I have given you my word and have taught you faith fully, what ye shall do, and how ye shall properly